Brazil health and education disparities linked
In a recently published study of the prevalence of chronic disease in Brazil, Flavia Andrade found reductions in health disparities in hypertension and heart disease in the period between 1998 and 2013. However, Dr. Andrade, an associate professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, noted an increasing educational disparity during that period related to diabetes. Individuals with no education had nearly twice the prevalence of diabetes than those with higher education, and this was especially true for women. She recommends programs to reduce obesity, smoking, and increase physical activity and the consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as aiming those programs at those with low socioeconomic status. She also urged policy makers to promote educational opportunities. The study, which she completed in collaboration with Dr. Hiram Beltran-Sanchez of the University of California at Los Angeles, was published in the International Journal for Equity in Health.